Karachi Neighborhood Improvement Project

ENGLISH   |   URDU   |   SINDHI

Karachi Neighborhood Improvement Project

ENGLISH   |   URDU   |   SINDHI

Karachi Neighborhood Improvement Project

Saddar

Stakeholders Identification and Analysis

The major stakeholder groups are divided into primary and secondary groups based on the following two factors:

  • The extent of impact of the project on the stakeholder group
  • The extent of influence of the stakeholder group on the project

Primary Stakeholders – Direct Beneficiaries

The subproject area is an educational and cultural hub including education institutions such as DJ Science College, NED University City Campus, SM Arts and SM Law College and Cultural buildings such as National Museum and Burns Garden and Arts Council. There are five roads included in the subproject area which are used by the people attending the above institutions, transport providers (private rickshaws and a few public buses), and pedestrians walking from the neighborhood. These people are the direct beneficiaries of the subproject interventions and considered as Primary stakeholders.

Secondary Stakeholders – Indirect Beneficiaries

There are 30-35 households living in apartments and 25-30 shops on the ground floor of these apartments located along Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed Road and Strachan Road. The households and shops are not included in subproject area, but these shops and HHs use the subproject roads for commuting. Stakeholders also include, line agencies such as K-Electric, KWSB, SSGC and PTCL and Department of Antiquities, GOS, DMC South, Hindu Community and Transport Ittehad. These stakeholders are indirect beneficiaries of the subproject interventions and considered as secondary stakeholders.

Guide for Consultation – Base Matrix

Information Shared

Feedback / Comments

Actions to be taken

Design Modifications

Background information of the subproject including parking plan

Problem of parking along the streets

Adequate parking space to be provided to cater the area vehicles parking

In addition to provision of 400 cars parking at Shahrah-e-Kamal, one lane of MR Kiyani Road and Dr. Ziauddin Road is dedicated for parking

Background information of the subproject including roads cross-sections

Access of locals and pedestrians in project interventions

Adequate and continuous access to be provided during construction to all project beneficiaries

Revised road cross-sections show that the proposed development on the roads will not utilize the whole width of existing roads and left footpath of varying width which will be used as access.

Background information of the subproject including development of student piazzas

Security measures should be provided at all pedestrianized places and student piazzas

Security measures i.e. CCTV cameras installation and monitoring, are already included in the plan

No need for design modifications.

Background information of the subproject including subproject interventions

Project delay and long construction time

CC and PIU to follow the subproject schedule in letter and spirit. Also construction along the roads and in the excavations should be completed as fast as possible.

Background information of the subproject including subproject interventions

Extensive measures should be taken during excavation of Shahrah-e-Kamal

Measures devised in section 6.3.3.9 to be implemented.

Protection of excavation through different technique is included in the design.

Background information of the pedestrian crossing and signals plan

Lack of traffic signals near educational institutions

Pedestrian signal crossings to be included near the educational institutions

No need for design modifications.

Background information of the subproject including parking plan

Unavailability Parking space for the students

Adequate parking space to be provided to cater the area vehicles parking

In addition to provision of 400 cars parking at Shahrah-e-Kamal, one lane of MR Kiyani Road and Dr. Ziauddin Road is dedicated for parking

Background information of the project including rehabilitation of roads plan and stormwater drainage

Road levels should not be increased from the buildings such that the stormwater makes ingress into the buildings.

Existing road levels to be maintained with proper stromwater drainage system

Already included in the design.

Background information of the project including rehabilitation of utilities

New water lines should be laid carefully and to avoid damaging existing lines.

While working near water mains, KWSB to be taken on-board and KWSB site engineers to be present at the site to locate the water mains.

Background information of the project including rehabilitation of utilities

Traffic rerouting should be implemented during rehabilitation of utilities.

Traffic management and rerouting plan to be developed by CC in consultation with GoS departments.

Background information of the project including rehabilitation of utilities

It is most important that the KWSB to be taken on board during construction and a site engineer of KWSB will be present at all times

It is to be ensured (letter of consent / MOU to be taken) before construction that KWSB is taken onboard during rehabilitation of water and sewerage

Background information of the project including rerouting plan in operation phase

Traffic congestion on roads

Reduction of traffic congestion by on-way traffic segregation

It is included in the design that to separate the traffic as one-way movement on main roads

Consultation with Primary Stakeholders

For subproject area, a series of targeted consultations (interviews) as presented below were conducted with primary stakeholders. The summary of concerns of stakeholders raised during interviews is presented as follows:

Consultation with Muhammad Humayun, Principal, SM Law College – 15 September, 2017

The principal said that the development should be going on for the betterment of the area and the people. We are with the proposed project and present here to provide any support to the government if need be.

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Consultation with Prof. Hafeez ur Rahman, Principal, Sindh Muslim Government Arts and Commerce College – 11 August, 2017

The Principal had an opinion that all the residential and commercial buildings must have their own parking. But now the buildings are constructed, the problem of parking existed. Regarding the development of student piazzas, the piazzas must not be closed with grills and can also be accessed by pedestrians. Also they should be monitored by CCTV cameras as to address law and order and security needs and concerns.

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Consultation with Prof. Dr. Noman Ahmed, Chairman, NED University City Campus – 11 August, 2017

Dr. Noman had a view that ongoing Government of Sindh projects in the neighborhood should be linked with this project and an overall impact assessment for the whole Saddar or in fact Karachi will be assessed. ESMP Consultant explained that an ESMF has been developed for the interventions proposed under KNIP, to be implemented in select localities of Karachi.

Consultation with Prof. Shehzad Muslim Khan, Principal, D. J. Science College – 15 August, 2017

Prof. Shehzad Muslim had a view that due to the large pedestrian movement and traffic congestion in the area, people may suffer in case the project is delayed. It should therefore be completed on time and construction timeline should be limited as to lessen the time period of disturbance. He enquired about the potential impacts on the surrounding areas, if this area is uplifted and others left unattended. ESMP Consultant explained that the project will be implemented in overall Saddar and some other parts of Karachi after completion of this subproject. He was of the opinion that extensive measures should be taken during excavation of Shahrah-e-Kamal.

Consultation with DJ College, NED University and SM Arts College Students

Targeted consultations were conducted with students (name list provided below) of educational institutions located in subproject area (dates for consultations of each institution is provided in below table) and students were asked about the problems they are facing from the current situation of the area and suggestions they may have for the project during the construction phase.

Following are the problems faced by the students:

  • Damaged roads cause delays
  • No traffic signal near college
  • Traffic congestion
  • Unavailability of seating arrangements for the students
  • Unavailability Parking space
  • Transportation
  • Load shedding in the College

Following are the suggestions proposed by students to minimize the problems that may arise during construction phase:

  • In case of route diversion of public buses, students should be informed through notices or brochure prior to implementation to avoid trouble
  • Work should be carried out in phases
  • Plant shady trees
  • Project should be completed within the specified timeline
  • Construction around educational institutes should be completed as quickly as possible
  • Provide parking space for students’ vehicles
  • Water sprinkling to control dust pollution
Consultation Sessions with Students

Consultation Session with DJ Science College – 12 January, 2017

A consultation session was arranged at DJ College Conference Hall focusing Saddar area generally and subproject area interventions specifically. Following participants were participated in the session:

Faculty of DJ Science College …………………………………………. 06 Members
Students of DJ Science College …………………………………………50 Students

 

Discussion Points

Students described that they face problems like parking issues, no proper disposal system within the area etc. Traffic management, organizing parking, possible interventions such as enforcement of parking fee collection, adding cycling lanes, leveraging on municipal car parking structures could be option to cater the needs.

Almost every participant present in the Conference hall was touched that the idea should be focused for its present users who are mostly the Students but it can further be extended for tourists and others interested in socializing, cultural diversity, entertainment, and recreation etc.

Furthermore the students recommended the need of green areas, pedestrian friendly streets, increasing motivation for walkability, re-routing should be considered, existing vehicular patterns to be looked.

Almost all students agreed that the area be revived in accordance to its past glory which was dominated by its cultural diversity and intermixing of activities.

Principal DJ Science College then spread light over several issues like Traffic hazards faced by students, lack of organized open spaces, Unavailability of basic facilities like washroom, drinkable water, auditorium and other facilities to regard student facilitation.

Consultation Session with NED University – 24 November, 2016

A consultation session was arranged at NED (DAP) Conference Hall focusing Saddar area generally and subproject area interventions specifically.

Faculty of NED(DAP)…………………………………………. 20 Members
Students of NED (DAP)…………………………………………50 Students

 

Discussion Points

Students actively responded to the thought, they discussed how they feel walkability of the area should be improved, through proper infrastructure and making eco-friendly environment.

Most participants felt that we are losing the character of old town and some action be initiated to not just preserve them but also for their adaptive reuse and sustainably.

The discussion was made on how to knit destinations of public visitation in a manner that promotes improved public access and through facilitating patterns of circulation that are pedestrian in nature rather than motorized.

Dr. Noman Ahmed in few words comprehensively described the historical background of Pakistan Chowk.

Consultation with Government Servants, Teachers and education centers staff

Consultation team met male and female teachers and staff (on the dates as mentioned below) of DJ College, SM Law and SM Arts College as well as Government servants of National Museum and local council and briefed them about the project. They were already aware of the proposed project and pointed out the following problems facing by them in that area:

  • Cleanliness issue and presence of no dust bin
  • Transportation facilities are limited
  • No bus stops
  • No sweeping on the roads on regular interval
  • No parks and sitting areas
  • Poor lighting on roads
  • No Parking space

The Staff suggested to address the above problems in the design of the project.

Mr. Mehmood, Mr. Rafique and Mr. Noor (KMC Charged Parking Employees, DMC South) has been consulted and briefed about the project. They said that the parking is managed by DMC South and if the government wants a development here, they will do it as DMCs are also working under GOS. We have no issues regarding the development as it should happen for the betterment of the area.

SM Law College Staff – 15 September, 2017

S No.

Name

Designation

1

Muhammad Humaiyun

Principal

2

M. Sarfaraz

Library Incharge

Local Government Servants – 11 August, 2017

Consultation with Transporters (Local Bus Service) and other mode of transport – 16 September, 2017 & 11 September, 2017

The transporters have supported the proposed project as the existing situation is worse due to traffic jams and congestion on the road. They were of the view that roads should be one way as the existing two way roads get chocked at places where roads are damaged. Transporters, while providing feedback during interview, facing problems in the area includes damaged roads causing traffic jams, poor sewerage system at some locations which accumulates sewage on the roads etc.

Consultation with Secondary Stakeholders

Consultation with Mr. Shafi Muhammad Shah, Special Secretary, Department of Antiquities, GOS

Sp. Sectary who is responsible for implementation of Sindh Cultural Heritage Act said that there are few protected antiquities located in the project area like DJ Science College. The Sp. Sectary emphasized that however, the project interventions are outside the boundaries of protected antiquities, special care must be taken during construction phase that the protected sites must not be affected and also there should be no intrusion into the protected antiquities. Coordination with Antiquities department should be maintained by the developer during construction phase.

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Consultation with Hindu Community Representative

Issues highlighted by representative of Hindu Community residing in the neighborhood are, a) road levels should not be increased from the buildings such that the stormwater makes ingress into the buildings, b) The drainage system in Saddar is 30-40 years old and the lines should be revived and it will be make sure that the revived system should be sustained for 10-15 years and an MOU may be signed with the line agencies, c) old heritage building façade should be addressed and included in the project components.

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Consultation with Mr. Ijaz Kazmi, Project Director, KWSB

Mr. Kazmi told that the project interventions should be planned based on the prepared ESMP and all mitigation measures will be taken. New water lines should be laid carefully and to avoid damaging existing lines. Traffic rerouting should be implemented during rehabilitation of utilities. It is most important that the KWSB to be taken on board during construction and a site engineer of KWSB will be present at all times.

Consultation with Transport Ittehad

A targeted consultation with Mr. Irshad Hussain Bukhari, President of Karachi Transport Association (Transport Ittehad) and its team was conducted by Design Consultant. Mr. Irshad emphasized that the development should be done and after developing the subproject area, the traffic congestion of the area will be eliminated. The area lacks road infrastructure like proper bus stops and pedestrian crossings that should be included in the design.

Consultation with Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL)

A targeted consultation with Mr Riaz Ahmed Soomro, Senior Business Manager / Director PTCL and its team was conducted by Design Consultant. The documents related to existing infrastructure will be shared with both teams and coordination support will be provided by PTCL during construction phase.

 

Consultation with K-Electric

A targeted consultation with Ashfaque Ahmed (Transmission Manager, KE) and Ghullam Hussain Mallah (IBC Saddar Manager, KE) was conducted by Design Consultant. The documents related to existing infrastructure will be shared with both teams and coordination support will be provided by KE during construction phase.

Consultation with Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KWSB)

A targeted consultation with Mr, Nadeem (AE, KW&SB) was conducted by Design Consultant. The documents related to existing infrastructure will be shared with both teams and coordination support will be provided by KWSB during construction phase.

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Consultation with Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC)

A targeted consultation with Nadeem Qayyum (DGM (DIST) East and his team was conducted by Design Consultant. The documents related to existing infrastructure will be shared with both teams and coordination support will be provided by SSGC during construction phase.

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Consultation with Local Communities and Businesses

Local communities, students and businesses are the direct beneficiaries of Educational and Cultural Zone (Priority Phase – I) Subproject. Community / students / businesses perceptions of the expected outcomes and the implementation process are necessary ingredients for ascertaining project success and adjustments to planned interventions. Moreover, organized community groups have an important role in promoting the program concepts and monitoring project activities at the local level.

Consultations with communities/students/businesses were carried out in line with the following objectives:

  • Inform the local communities/students/businesses of the project concepts and planned project interventions
  • Ascertain the communities/students/businesses perceptions of the project concepts and planned project interventions
  • Identification of potential positive and negative social and environmental impacts

Consultations were conducted in subproject area with residents (16 no. of samples in the neighborhood), businesses (general shopkeepers of printing press, hardware, merchants, grocery stores, banks etc.) (14 no. of samples in the neighborhood) located outside the boundary of the subproject area. The consultations were conducted on 1st August and 15th August, 2017.

  • 100% of the respondents were not satisfied with the current situation of utilities, traffic, garbage and sewerage, no street lights, accidents due to open manholes and damaged roads and infrastructure in their areas and it caused major nuisance as well as health issues.
  • Consultation with women living in the HH revealed that traffic congestion, flowing manholes of sewerage, absence of road crossings etc. are the main problems faced by women in the neighborhood.
  • Most of the respondents had positive views of the proposed project interventions but they said that planning for road improvements and taking view from the public had been done several times in the past but there is no improvement on ground till to date and people suffer continuously. 90% of the respondents envisaged that the problems of the area will be resolved after this project.
  • 90% of the respondents agreed with the idea that if the cars parked at roadside moved to Shahrah-e-Kamal basement parking. They said that it will improve the traffic situation on the roads. The remaining 10% respondents said they would prefer to park besides the roads. They preferred to park near their shops on the road.
  • 100% of the respondents will cope the disturbance created during construction phase. However, some of them suggest the dust mitigation measures to be taken like water spraying.
  • 100% of the respondents were in favor of two minor roads to be vehicle free and respondents who owns vehicles will use the proposed car parking if the fares are reasonable. Some said due to the distance, they will park cars nearby.
  • 100% of the respondents were in favor of underground electric wires and utilities. Almost all of them were willing to accept temporary disruption of services during the construction phase in view of the long term benefits associated with the project.
  • About the temporary disruption of businesses during construction, 90% of businesses said they can comprehend that some of the area would be excavated as it was done several times in the past. But they would be fine with temporary disruption if they could reap the benefits of the improvement of roads and utilities in long term.
  • Most of the respondents suggest that the project should be completed within the defined timeframe and delays usually aggravate the problems.

Generally, respondents had positive views for the proposed project interventions and they hoped that his time something could be seen improving, as compared with the previous unfulfilled promises and futile surveys and consultations. Benefits envisaged by the respondents are as follows:

  • One way roads are good for traffic maneuvering
  • The drainage and sewerage of the area will be improved
  • Traffic jams will be eliminated
  • Piazzas will provide spaces for recreation for residents
  • Overall positive impact to the area residents and businesses
  • The pictorial evidence of Consultations is presented hereunder.

Primary Stakeholders – Direct Beneficiaries

The subproject area is an educational and cultural hub including education institutions such as DJ Science 

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